Organic Chemistry Portal



3-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic Acid for Direct Catalytic Asymmetric anti-Mannich-Type Reactions of Unmodified Ketones

Haile Zhang, Maria Mifsud, Fujie Tanaka,* and Carlos F. Barbas, III*

*The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology and the Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Rd., La Jolla, California 92037, Email:,

H. Zhang, M. Mifsud, F. Tanaka, C. F. Barbas, III, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 128, 9630-9631.

DOI: 10.1021/ja062950b (free Supporting Information)


Direct catalytic, enantioselective, anti-selective Mannich-type reactions between unmodified ketones and α-imino esters using 5-10 mol % of (R)-3-pyrrolidinecarboxylic or (R)-β-proline as catalyst in 2-PrOH at room temperature gave products in good yields with high diastereo- and enantioselectivities.

see article for more examples

A Highly Enantioselective Amino Acid-Catalyzed Route to Functionalized α-Amino Acids

A. Cordova, W. Notz, G. Zhong, J. M. Betancort, C. F. Barbas, III, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002, 124, 1842-1843.

Key Words

Organocatalysis, Mannich Reaction, β-Amino Ketones, α-Amino Acids

ID: J48-Y2006-2440