Ionic Liquids in Synthesis
Peter Wasserscheid, Tom Welton
Hardcover, 776 Pages
2nd Edition, 2007
Ionic liquids not only have the potential to increase chemical reactivity and thus lead to more efficient processes, but are also non-flammable and are less toxic than conventional solvents due to their low vapor pressure.
This volume brings together the latest developments in this fascinating field, supplemented by numerous practical tips, and thus provides those working in both research and industry with an indispensable source of information.
Interest in ionic solvents has increased rapidly, as attested by the number of recent publications in the area. Depending on the process, these reaction media can offer decisive advantages, and there are specific solvents available for the most disparate types of application. Moreover, with the low volatility of ionic solvents comes an increase in process safety.
What are the overall advantages offered by ionic solvents, for example in the area of Green Chemistry? What are the properties of these solvents, such as their polarity and viscosity? Which reactions have already been carried out in ionic solvents? These are just some of the questions that come to mind once a serious interest in this area develops.
"Ionic Liquids in Synthesis" is a book that answers the majority of these questions. Thus, a definition of ionic solvents is provided, and their historical background, physical properties and preparation are given the same level of coverage as the synthesis examples themselves. This monograph attempts to provide a comprehensive overview of the area, and in this aim it succeeds. Thus, the work is not intended only for specialists, but holds a plethora of practical information for the more general chemical audience.
To be sure, several of the newer publications are not cited in the present book, and as the cost of these solvents decreases, the number of reported applications can only be expected to increase significantly. The knowledge referenced in this work, and the survey presented of the reactions amenable to this methodology, are certain to inspire new ideas and to lay the groundwork for further developments.
SYNTHESIS AND PURIFICATION OF IONIC LIQUIDS
Synthesis of Ionic Liquids
Quality Aspects and Other Questions Related to Commercial Ionic Liquid Production
Synthesis of Task-specific Ionic Liquids
Melting points and phase diagrams
Viscosity and Density of Ionic Liquids
Solubility and Solvation in Ionic Liquids
Gas Solubilities in Ionic Liquids
Electrochemical Properties of Ionic Liquids
MOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS
Order in the Liquid State and Structure
Quantum Mechanical Methods for Structure Elucidation
Molecular Dynamics Simulation Studies
Molecular Reorientational Dynamics
Stoichiometric Organic Reactions and Acid-Catalyzed Reactions in Ionic Liquids
Transition Metal Catalysis in Ionic Liquids
Ionic Liquids in Multiphasic Reactions
Multiphasic Catalysis with Ionic Liquids in Combination with Compressed CO2
Directed Inorganic and Organometallic Synthesis
Making of Inorganic Materials by Electrochemical Methods
POLYMER SYNTHESIS IN IONIC LIQUIDS
BIOCATALYTIC REACTIONS IN IONIC LIQUIDS