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Chemicals >> Reducing Agents


See also: trimethylphosphine, triethylphosphine

Name Reactions

Mitsunobu Reaction


Staudinger Reaction


Recent Literature

A new, mild protocol for deoxygenation of various phosphine oxides with retention of configuration is described. Mechanistic studies regarding the oxygen transfer between the starting phosphine oxide and triphenylphosphine are also presented.
H.-C. Wu, J.-Q. Yu, J. B. Spencer, Org. Lett., 2004, 6, 4675-4678.

A rhodium-catalyzed methylenation-hydrogenation cascade process allows the homologation of carbonyl compounds to alkanes in high yields.
H. Lebel, C. Ladjel, J. Org. Chem., 2005, 70, 10159-10161.

A reduction of sulfonyl chlorides in the presence of triphenylphosphine in toluene enables an efficient and convenient method for the synthesis of arylthiols.
E. V. Bellale, M. K. Chaudhari, K. G. Akamanchi, Synthesis, 2009, 3211-3213.

A CuI-catalyzed coupling reaction of aryl iodides and sulfur powder takes place in the presence of K2CO3 at 90°C in DMF as solvent. The coupling mixture is directly treated with NaBH4 or triphenylphosphine to afford aryl thiols in good to excellent yields. A wide range of substituted aryl thiols that bear methoxy, hydroxyl, carboxylate, amido, keto, bromo, and fluoro groups can be synthesized.
Y. Jiang, Y. Qin, S. Xie, X. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Ma, Org. Lett., 2009, 11, 5250-5253.

In the presence of Ph3P and a catalytic amount of Fe(TCP)Cl, ketenes react with EDA to give allenes in high yields under neutral conditions. By employing a chiral phosphine, allenes could be synthesized with high enantioselectivity in good yields.
C.-Y. Li, X.-B. Wang, X.-L. Sun, Y. Tang, J.-C. Zheng, Z.-H. Xu, Y.-G. Zhou, L.-X. Dai, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2007, 129, 1494-1495.

Various carboxylic acids were converted into acyl azides in excellent yields in the presence of trichloroacetonitrile, triphenylphosphine and sodium azide at room temperature. The reaction allows the preparation of dipeptides without deprotection or rearrangement during the reaction.
J.-G. Kim, D. O. Jang, Synlett, 2008, 2072-2074.

Treatment of alcohols with a mixture of triphenylphosphine, carbon tetrachloride, oxime, and DBU in the presence of catalytic amounts of tetrabutylammonium iodide in refluxing acetonitrile regioselectively furnishes the corresponding O-alkyl ethers in good yields.
M. N. S. Rad, A. A. Khalafi-Nezhad, F. Karimitabar, S. Behrouz, Synthesis, 2010, 1724-1730.

Alkyl nitrites were prepared in good to excellent yields by treatment of alcohols and thiols with triphenylphosphine/2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyanobenzoquinone/Bu4NNO2 in acetonitrile. This method allows a selective conversion of primary alcohols in the presence of secondary and tertiary alcohols and thiols.
B. Akhlaghinia, A. R. Pourali, Synthesis, 2004, 1747-1749.

A one-step reaction to assemble pyrroles from α,β-unsaturated imines and acid chlorides is mediated by triphenylphosphine, which eliminates phosphine oxide to allow cyclization. This reaction has been employed to access broad range of pyrroles via modulation of the two building blocks and applied as well to the synthesis of lukianol A.
Y. Lu, B. A. Arndtsen, Org. Lett., 2009, 11, 1369-1372.

A new and efficient three-component reaction between dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates, aromatic amines, triphenylphosphine, and arylglyoxals afforded polysubstituted pyrrole derivatives in high yields. The reactions were performed in dichloromethane at room temperature and under neutral conditions.
M. Anary-Abbasinejad, K. Charkhati, H. Anaraki-Ardakani, Synlett, 2009, 1115-1117.

A reaction between dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates and β-aminoketones promoted by triphenyl­phosphine allows an efficient one-pot synthesis of polysubstituted 2,5-dihydropyrrole derivatives. The prepared 2,5-dihydropyrroles can be easily oxidized to the corresponding pyrrole derivatives with chromium trioxide.
M. Anary-Abbasinejad, E. Poorhassan, A. Hassanabadi, Synlett, 2009, 1929-1932.

A novel, efficient, and general domino reaction of 2-acylaziridines with the Huisgen zwitterions furnishes 2-pyrazolines. A possible mechanism for the domino sequence is proposed.
S.-L. Cui, J. Wang, Y.-G. Wang, Org. Lett., 2008, 10, 13-16.

In one-pot Wittig olefination reactions of aldehydes, an excess of rasta resin-PPh3, a heterogeneous polystyrene-based phosphine, was used for the in situ generation of the phosphorane reactant and enabled the isolation of a high yield of very pure alkene product after only filtration and solvent removal. The excellent results obtained in this study are attributed to the flexible nature of the rasta resin structure.
P. S.-W. Leung, Y. Teng, P. H. Toy, Synlett, 2010, 1997-2001.

A polymer-bound, triphenylphosphine-supported reagent allows a one-pot, two-step synthesis of secondary amines from the corresponding azide and a reactive alkyl halide.
S. Ayesa, B. Samuelsson, B. Classon, Synlett, 2008, 89-93.