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Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation

The Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation is the oxidative cleavage of a carbon-carbon bond adjacent to a carbonyl, which converts ketones to esters and cyclic ketones to lactones. The Baeyer-Villiger can be carried out with peracids, such as MCBPA, or with hydrogen peroxide and a Lewis acid.

The regiospecificity of the reaction depends on the relative migratory ability of the substituents attached to the carbonyl. Substituents which are able to stabilize a positive charge migrate more readily, so that the order of preference is: tert. alkyl > cyclohexyl > sec. alkyl > phenyl > prim. alkyl > CH3. In some cases, stereoelectronic or ring strain factors also affect the regiochemical outcome.


Mechanism of the Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation

Recent Literature


Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation of Ketones to Esters with Sodium Percarbonate/Trifluoroacetic Acid
G. A. Olah, Q. Wang, N. J. Trivedi, G. K. S. Prakash, Synthesis, 1991, 739-740.


Selenoxides as Catalysts for Epoxidation and Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide
M. A. Goodman, M. R. Detty, Synlett, 2006, 1100-1104.


Hypervalent λ3-Bromane Strategy for Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation: Selective Transformation of Primary Aliphatic and Aromatic Aldehydes to Formates, Which is Missing in the Classical Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation
Y. Yoshida, K. Murakami, H. Yorimitsu, K. Oshima, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 132, 9236-9239.


General Metal-Free Baeyer-Villiger-Type Synthesis of Vinyl Acetates
B. Poladura, A. Martínez-Castañeda, H. Rodríguez-Solla, R. Llavona, C. Concellón, V. del Amo, Org. Lett., 2013, 15, 2810-2813.


Enantioselective Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation: Desymmetrization of Meso Cyclic Ketones and Kinetic Resolution of Racemic 2-Arylcyclohexanones
L. Zhou, X. H. Liu, J. Ji, Y. H. Zhang, X. L. Hu, L. L. Lin, X. M. Feng, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2012, 134, 17023-17026.


Asymmetric Baeyer-Villiger Reaction with Hydrogen Peroxide Catalyzed by a Novel Planar-Chiral Bisflavin
S. Murahashi, S. Ono, Y. Imada, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2002, 41, 2366-2368.


Conversion of Cyclic Acetals to Hydroxy Esters by MCPBA Oxidation
J. Y. Kim, H. Rhee, M. Kim, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 2002, 46, 479-483.