The 1,4-addition (or conjugate addition) of resonance-stabilized carbanions. The Michael Addition is thermodynamically controlled; the reaction donors are active methylenes such as malonates and nitroalkanes, and the acceptors are activated olefins such as α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds.
Mechanism of the Michael Addition
Ionic Liquid as Catalyst and Reaction Medium. The Dramatic Influence of a Task-Specific Ionic Liquid, [bmIm]OH, in Michael Addition of Active Methylene Compounds to Conjugated Ketones, Carboxylic Esters, and Nitriles
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Consecutive Michael-Claisen Process for Cyclohexane-1,3-dione Derivative (CDD) Synthesis from Unsubstituted and Substituted Acetone
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Construction of Quaternary Stereocenters by Efficient and Practical Conjugate Additions to α,β-Unsaturated Ketones with a Chiral Organic Catalyst
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P-BEMP: A New Efficient and Commercially Available User-Friendly and Recyclable Heterogeneous Organocatalyst for the Michael Addition of 1,3-Dicarbonyl Compounds
D. Bensa, T. Constantieux, J. Rodriguez, Synthesis, 2004, 923-927.
An asymmetric direct Michael addition of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes with acetophenone catalyzed by a Jřrgensen-Hayashi catalyst in methanol gave δ-keto aldehydes in up to 82% yield and 98% ee.
W. Li, W. Wu, J. Yang, X. Liang, J. Ye, Synthesis, 2011, 1085-1091.
A new reactivity pattern for vinyl bromides: cine-substitution via palladium catalysed C-N coupling/Michael addition reactions
M. C. Willis, J. Chauhan, W. G. Whittinham, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2005, 3, 3094-3095.
Highly Efficient Asymmetric Michael Addition of Aldehydes to Nitroalkenes Catalyzed by a Simple trans-4-Hydroxyprolylamide
C. Palomo, S. Vera, A. Mielgo, E. Gómez-Bengoa, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2006, 45, 5984-5987.
Enantio- and Diastereoselective Michael Reaction of 1,3-Dicarbonyl Compounds to Nitroolefins Catalyzed by a Bifunctional Thiourea
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Importance of Chiral Phase-Transfer Catalysts with Dual Functions in Obtaining High Enantioselectivity in the Michael Reaction of Malonates and Chalcone Derivatives
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Highly Efficient C-C Bond-Forming Reactions in Aqueous Media Catalyzed by Monomeric Vanadate Species in an Apatite Framework
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Expanding the Scope of Lewis Acid Catalysis in Water: Remarkable Ligand Acceleration of Aqueous Ytterbium Triflate Catalyzed Michael Addition Reactions
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Reconstructed Hydrotalcite as a Highly Active Heterogeneous Base Catalyst for Carbon-Carbon Bond Formations in the Presence of Water
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DABCO-Based Ionic Liquids: Recyclable Catalysts for Aza-Michael Addition of α,β-Unsaturated Amides under Solvent-Free Conditions
A. Ying, Z. Li, J. Yang, S. Liu, S. Xu, H. Yan, C. Wu, J. Org. Chem., 2014, 79, 6510-6516.
Ethyl Glyoxylate N-Tosylhydrazone as Sulfonyl-Transfer Reagent in Base-Catalyzed Sulfa-Michael Reactions
M. Fernández, U. Uria, L. Orbe, J. L. Vicario, E. Reyes, L. Carrillo, J. Org. Chem., 2014, 79, 230-239.