Categories: C-N Bond Formation >
Synthesis of enamines
By employing Pd(OAc)2 and (t-Bu)2PNP(i-BuNCH2CH2)3N as ligand, a broad range of aryl bromides and chlorides possessing base-sensitive substituents provide coupling products with bulky aryl amines in good to excellent yields. An efficient coupling of vinyl bromides with a variety of amines produces imines and enamines at room temperature.
Ch. V. Reddy, J. V. Kingston, J. G. Verkade, J. Org. Chem., 2008, 73, 3047-3062.
Michael adducts are provided by a reaction of alkylidene malonates with enamines, which are generated from vinyl bromides and pyrrolidine by a prior palladium-catalysed C-N bond formation.
M. C. Willis, J. Chauhan, W. G. Whittinham, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2005, 3, 3094-3095.
A range of enol triflates can be coupled with amides, carbamates, and sulfonamides using palladium catalysis. This method allows the synthesis of enamides, which may not be readily available by other means.
D. J. Wallace, D. J. Klauber, C.-Y. Chen, R. P. Volante, Org. Lett., 2003, 5, 4749-4752.
Nucleophilic addition of sulfonamides to 1-bromo-1-alkynes provided (Z)-N-(1-bromo-1-alken-2-yl)-p-toluenesulfonamides in good yield and in a highly regio- and stereoselective manner. A subsequent reaction in the presence of a palladium catalyst under Heck conditions afforded substituted pyrroles in good yield.
M. Yamagishi, K. Nishigai, T. Hata, H. Urabe, Org. Lett., 2011, 13, 4873-4875.