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Synthesis of thiocarbamates

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S-Alkyl thiocarbamates and S-alkyl O-alkyl carbonothioates were synthesized in good yields by solvent-assisted thiocarboxylation of amines or alcohols with carbon monoxide and sulfur under mild conditions (1 atm, 20 C) in DMSO or DMF.
T. Mizuno, T. Iwai, Y. Ishino, Tetrahedron, 2005, 61, 9157-9163.


A mild and efficient Mitsunobu-based protocol has been developed for the synthesis of various S-alkyl thiocarbamates from the corresponding thiols and amines using gaseous carbon dioxide, in good to excellent yields.
D. Chaturvedi, N. Mishra, V. Mishra, Synthesis, 2008, 355-357.


Readily prepared carbamoylimidazolium salts act as efficient N,N-disubstituted carbamoylating reagents, as a result of the ‘imidazolium’ effect. The salts react with amines, thiols, phenols/alcohols, and carboxylic acids in high yields, without the need for subsequent chromatographic purification of the products, producing ureas, thiocarbamates, carbamates, and amides, respectively.
M. B. Bertrand, J. P. Wolfe, Tetrahedron, 2005, 61, 6447-6459.


A method for the synthesis of secondary thiocarbamates from readily available isocyanides and thiosulfonates with broad functional group tolerance proceeds under mild reaction conditions in isopropanol and is catalyzed by inexpensive sodium iodide.
P. Mampuys, Y. Zhu, S. Sergeyev, E. Ruijter, R. V. A. Orru, S. Van Doorslaer, B. U. W. Maes, Org. Lett., 2016, 18, 2808-2811.