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Synthesis of thiophenols

Name Reactions

Two Steps:


Leuckart Thiophenol Reaction


Newman-Kwart Rearrangement


Recent Literature


A CuI-catalyzed coupling reaction of aryl iodides and sulfur powder takes place in the presence of K2CO3 at 90C in DMF as solvent. The coupling mixture is directly treated with NaBH4 or triphenylphosphine to afford aryl thiols in good to excellent yields. A wide range of substituted aryl thiols that bear methoxy, hydroxyl, carboxylate, amido, keto, bromo, and fluoro groups can be synthesized.
Y. Jiang, Y. Qin, S. Xie, X. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Ma, Org. Lett., 2009, 11, 5250-5253.


CuI-nanoparticles catalyze a selective synthesis of phenols, anilines, and thiophenols from aryl halides in the absence of both ligands and organic solvents. Anilines were formed selectively with ammonia competing with hydroxylation and thiophenols were generated selectively with sulfur powder after subsequent reduction competing with hydroxylation and amination.
H.-J. Xu, Y.-F. Liang, Z.-Y. Cai, H.-X. Qi, C.-Y. Yang, Y.-S. Feng, J. Org. Chem., 2011, 76, 2296-2300.