Organic Chemistry Portal
Reactions > Organic Synthesis Search

Categories: N/N Bond Formation >

Synthesis of azo compounds

Name Reactions


Azo Coupling


Recent Literature


A straightforward, convenient, and efficient oxidative dimerization of aromatic amines enables an easy access to symmetrical and unsymmetrical azobenzenes under extremely mild conditions using a unique and cost-effective iodinating reagent.
Y. Takeda, S. Okumura, S. Minakata, Synthesis, 2013, 45, 1029-1033.


Unsymmetrical and symmetrical bis(hetaryl)azo dyes were prepared by diazotisation-coupling and oxidation reactions in moderate yields. Their absorption maxima were observed in the range of 427-631 nm, being more bathochromic than the corresponding non-hetarylazo derivatives.
M. Wang, K. Funabiki, M. Matsui, Dyes and Pigments, 2003, 57, 77-86.


A green dehydrogenation of hydrazo compounds using basic alumina or KF/alumina under solvent-free conditions afforded azo compounds in good to excellent yields.
M. Mihara, T. Nakai, T. Iwai, T. Ito, T. Mizuno, Synlett, 2007, 2124-2126.