Synthesis of benzo-fused O-Heterocycles and similar compounds
A nucleophilic substitution of alkyl fluorides was achieved in intramolecular reactions with O- and N-nucleophiles. The reaction is influenced by the nature of nucleophiles, the size of the ring to be formed, and the comformational rigidity of the precursors.
L. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Hu, J. Org. Chem., 2009, 74, 2850-2853.
A broad range of substituted benzisoxazolines have been synthesized by a mild [3 + 2] cycloaddition of nitrones and arynes. The process tolerates various functional groups.
C. Lu, A. V. Dubrovskiy, R. C. Larock, J. Org. Chem., 2012, 77, 2279-2284.
Dehydration of 1,6-diols by treatment with BF3ˇOEt2 in dichloromethane gave tetrahydrobenzoxepines in very good yields, whereas 1,7-diols did not undergo dehydration.
M. Yus, T. Soler, F. Foubelo, Tetrahedron, 2002, 58, 7009-7016.
An N-Heterocyclic carbene efficiently catalyzed an intramolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction to yield benzopyrones and benzofuranones depending on the substitution pattern.
J. He, J. Zheng, J. Liu, X. She, X. Pan, Org. Lett., 2006, 8, 4637-4640.
Iron(II) bromide catalyzes the transformation of aryl and vinyl azides with ketone or methyl oxime substituents into 2,1-benzisoxazoles, indazoles, or pyrazoles through the formation of an N-O or N-N bond. This transformation tolerates various functional groups and facilitates access to a range of benzisoxazoles or indazoles.
B. J. Stokes, C. V. Vogel, L. K. Urnezis, M. Pan, T. G. Driver, Org. Lett., 2010, 12, 2884-2887.
Sequential coupling-imination-annulation reactions of ortho-bromoarylaldehydes and terminal alkynes with ammonium acetate in the presence of a palladium catalyst under microwave irradiation gives various substituted isoquinolines, furopyridines, and thienopyridines in good yields.
D. Yang, S. Burugupalli, D. Daniel, Y. Chen, J. Org. Chem., 2012, 77, 4466-4472.
A regioselective one-pot synthesis of 2-alkyl-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-2H-1,4-benzoxazines under microwave heating starts from commercially available 2-aminophenols. Base-mediated regioselective O-alkylation with 2-bromoalkanoates gives acyclic intermediates. A subsequent intramolecular amidation reaction furnishes the desired products in good yields.
W.-M. Dai, X. Wang, C. Ma, Tetrahedron, 2005, 61, 6879-6885.
An atom-economic, efficient, rapid, and highly regioselective one-pot click reaction allows the synthesis of benzo[e][1,4]oxazepin-5-ones in excellent yields. The method involves epoxide ring-opening-ring-closing cascade with anthranilic acids using neat grinding at room temperature in the presence of lithium bromide as a mild catalyst. Pure products are obtained simply by washing the reaction mixture with warm water.
A. K. Singh, R. Chawla, L. D. S. Yadav, Synthesis, 2012, 44, 2353-2358.
A direct Pd-catalyzed arylation reaction for the intramolecular formation of biaryl compounds using a novel phosphine ligand offers enhanced catalytic activity for transformations of previously unreactive substrates.
L.-C. Campeau, M. Parisien, M. Leblanc, K. Fagnou, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126, 9186-9187.