Enantioselective Preparation of Alkylated Stereogenic Centers
Jon D. Stewart of the University of Florida established (Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 8558. ) a scalable enzymatic reduction of geranial 1 to citronellal 2. Andreas S. Bommarius of Georgia Tech reported (Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 8809. ) related studies. Isamu Shiina of the Tokyo University of Science developed (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 11629. ) a nucleophilic catalyst for the kinetic resolution of α-chiral carboxylic acids such as 3.
David W. C. MacMillan of Princeton University devised (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 13600. ) a protocol for the enantioselective benzylation of an aldehyde 5. Kian L. Tan of Boston College (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 14757. ) and Shannon S. Stahl and Clark R. Landis of the University of Wisconsin (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 14027. ) developed the regioselective enantioselective hydroformylation of alkenes such as 7 with chelating substituents.
Masaya Sawamura of Hokkaido University (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 879. ) and others (Org. Lett. 2010, 12, 2438, ; Tetrahedron Lett. 2010, 5592, ; 6018, ) effected enantiospecific allylic coupling, as in the conversion of 9 to 10. James P. Morken, also of Boston College achieved (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 10686. ) enantioselective allylation of 11.
Ben L. Feringa of the University of Groningen devised (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 13152. ) a protocol for net enantioselective conjugate addition to an α, β-unsaturated aldehyde 14. Gary A. Molander of the University of Pennsylvania found (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 17108. ) that coupling of 16, prepared by enantioselective conjugate addition, proceeded with inversion. Naoya Kumagai and Masakatsu Shibasaki of the Institute of Microbial Chemistry effected (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 10275. ) enantioselective alkynylation of the thioamide 18, and Takahiro Nishimura and Tamio Hayashi of Kyoto University achieved (Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 6837. ) conjugate alkynylation of the nitroalkene 20. Several other protocols (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 5780, ; 7299, ; 8145, ; J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 14373, ; J. Org. Chem. 2010, 75, 7829. ) have been developed for the catalytic enantioselective construction of arylated stereogenic centers.
Sunggak Kim, now at Nanyang Technological University, showed (Tetrahedron Lett. 2010, 51, 4947. ) that free radical addition to 22 could be effected with high ee. The product 26 from the enantioselective 1,6-addition developed (Org. Lett. 2010, 12, 4335. ) by Alexandre Alexakis of the Université de Genève and Christophe Crévisy and Marc Mauduit of ENSC Rennes is interesting in itself, and could also be epoxidized and cleaved by the Eschenmoser protocol to deliver the alkynyl ketone.
To prepare acyclic alkylated quaternary centers, Professor Shibasaki and Motomu Kanai of the University of Tokyo developed (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 8862. ) a Sr catalyst for the conjugate addition of cyanide, and Amir H. Hoveyda, also of Boston College, achieved (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 8370. ) the allylic coupling of 29 with 30.