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Scandium(III) Fluoride as a Novel Catalyst for Hydroxymethylation of Dimethylsilyl Enolates in Aqueous Media

Masaya Kokubo, Shu Kobayashi*

*Department of Chemistry, School of Science and Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, The HFRE Division, ERATO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan, Email:

M. Kokubo, S. Kobayashi, Synlett, 2008, 1562-1564.

DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1078409


Hydroxymethylation of dimethylsilyl (DMS) enolates using aqueous formaldehyde solution is catalyzed by scandium(III) fluoride in aqueous media to give the corresponding β-hydroxy ketones in good to excellent yields, but TMS enolates react sluggishly under the same conditions. ScF3 has been shown to be a unique catalyst for this reaction.

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Key Words

scandium, scandium fluoride, catalysis, β-hydroxy ketones, hydroxymethylation, aqueous media, Mukaiyama aldol addition

ID: J60-Y2008-1690