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Orchestration of Concurrent Oxidation and Reduction Cycles for Stereoinversion and Deracemisation of sec-Alcohols

Constance V. Voss, Christian C. Gruber, Kurt Faber, Tanja Knaus, Peter Macheroux and Wolfgang Kroutil*

*Department of Chemistry, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, A-8010 Graz, Austria, Email:

C. V. Voss, C. C. Gruber, K. Faber, T. Knaus, P. Macheroux, W. Kroutil, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2008, 130, 13969-13972.

DOI: 10.1021/ja804816a

analytical scale


By careful selection of appropriate enzymes (alcohol dehydrogenases [ADH] and cofactor recycling enzymes), cofactor recycling of NADH can be performed in the presence of NADP+ recycling to achieve overall (R)- or (S)-selective deracemisations of sec-alcohols or stereoinversion representing a possible concept for a “green” equivalent to the chemical-intensive Mitsunobu inversion.

see article for more examples

preparative scale (0.4 mmol) - see article for more reactions

proposed reaction pathway for (S)-selective deracemisation

Key Words

Alcohol Dehydrogenase, Deracemisation, Formate

ID: J48-Y2008-2960