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Microphotochemistry Using 5-mm Light-Emitting Diodes: Energy-Efficient Photooxidations

John M. Carney, Reagan J. Hammer, Martin Hulce*, Chad M. Lomas, Dayna Miyashiro

*Department of Chemistry, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178-0323, USA, Email:

J. M. Carney, R. J. Hammer, M. Hulce, C. M. Lomas, D. Miyashiro, Synthesis, 2012, 44, 2560-2566.

DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1289764

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Commercial, inexpensive 5-mm milliwatt light-emitting diodes are effective sources for batch microphotochemical oxidations using limited quantities of singlet oxygen. These atom economical oxidations are useful for labeling experiments with rare isotopes.

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Key Words

photooxidation, arenes, peroxides, photoreactors, light-emitting diodes

ID: J66-Y2012-2570