Organic Chemistry Portal



Double Reformatsky Reaction: Divergent Synthesis of δ-Hydroxy-β-ketoesters

Masahiro Mineno*, Yasuhiro Sawai, Kazuaki Kanno, Naotaka Sawada and Hideya Mizufune

*Chemical Development Laboratories, CMC Center, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, 2-17-85, Juso-honmachi, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 532-8686, Japan, Email:

M. Mineno, Y. Sawai, H. Kanno, N. Sawada, H. Mizufune J. Org. Chem., 2013, 78, 5843-5850.

DOI: 10.1021/jo400408t (free Supporting Information)


A tandem addition of two molecules of zinc alkanoate to a carbonyl compound gives a series of δ-hydroxy-β-ketoesters. The key to accelerate such a double Reformatsky reaction is considered to be a complex-induced proximity effect of the in situ generated zinc alkoxide coordinated with a bidentate amine. A feature of the reaction system is its high tolerance of functional groups due to the moderate nucleophilicity of organozinc reagents.

see article for more examples

Key Words

Reformatsky Reaction, 1,3-diketones

ID: J42-Y2013