Organic Chemistry Portal



I2-Mediated Oxidative C-O Bond Formation for the Synthesis of 1,3,4-Oxadiazoles from Aldehydes and Hydrazides

Wenquan Yu*, Gang Huang, Yueteng Zhang, Hongxu Liu, Lihong Dong, Xuejun Yu, Yujiang Li and Junbiao Chang*

*College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450001, China, Email:,

W. Yu, G. Huang, Y. Zhang, H. Liu, L. Dong, X. Yu, Y. Li, J. Chang, J. Org. Chem., 2013, 78, 10337-10343.

DOI: 10.1021/jo401751h


Stoichiometric molecular iodine mediates a practical and transition-metal-free oxidative cyclization of acylhydrazones into 1,3,4-oxadiazoles in the presence of potassium carbonate. Even crude acylhydrazone substrates obtained from the condensation of aldehydes and hydrazides can be converted. A series of symmetrical and asymmetrical 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazoles can be conveniently generated in an efficient and scalable fashion.

see article for more examples

Synthesis of 2-Amino-1,3,4-oxadiazoles and 2-Amino-1,3,4-thiadiazoles via Sequential Condensation and I2-Mediated Oxidative C-O/C-S Bond Formation

P. Niu, J. Kang, X. Tian, L. Song, H. Liu, J. Wu, W. Yu, J. Chang, J. Org. Chem., 2015, 80, 1018-1024.

Key Words

1,3,4-oxadiazoles, iodine

ID: J42-Y2013