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Low-Temperature, Transition-Metal-Free Cross-Dehydrogenative Coupling Protocol for the Synthesis of 3,3-Disubstituted Oxindoles

James R. Donald, Richard J. K. Taylor* and Wade F. Petersen*

*Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, U.K.; Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7700, South Africa, Email:,

J. R. Donald, R. J. K. Taylor, W. F. Petersen, J. Org. Chem., 2017, 82, 11288-11294.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b02085

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A cross-dehydrogenative coupling enable a low-temperature procedure for the synthesis of 3,3-disubstituted 2-oxindoles. The use of a strong, nonreversible base effects a dramatic drop in reaction temperature. With iodine as an "oxidant", new evidence suggests that this transformation may occur via a transiently stable iodinated intermediate rather than by direct single-electron oxidation.

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proposed mechanism

First C-H Activation Route to Oxindoles using Copper Catalysis

J. E. M. N. Klein, A. Perry, D. S. Pugh, R. J. K. Taylor, Org. Lett., 2010, 12, 3446-3449.

Key Words

oxindoles, iodine

ID: J42-Y2017