Organic Chemistry Portal

Abstracts

Search:

Catalytic Hydrodifluoroalkylation of Unactivated Olefins

Wen-Jun Yue, Craig S. Day, Adrian J. Brenes Rucinski and Ruben Martin*

*Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Av. Pa´sos Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona, Spain, Email: rmartinromoiciq.es

W.-J. Yue, C. S. Day, A. J. B. Rucisnski, R. Martin, Org. Lett., 2022, 24, 5109-5114.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.2c01941



see article for more reactions

Abstract

A cooperative interplay of halogen- and hydrogen-atom transfer enables the synthesis of gem-difluoroalkanes from unactivated sp3 precursors. The method is characterized by its simplicity, generality, and site selectivity, including the functionalization of advanced intermediates and olefin feedstocks.

see article for more examples

proposed mechanism


4CzIPN



Hydro-Difluoroalkylation of Unactivated Olefins

The hydro-difluoroalkylation of unactivated alkenes was performed with 451 nm LEDs (OSRAM Oslon« SSL 80 royal-blue LEDs), which were installed at the bottom of a custom-made 8 flatbottom Schlenk tubes holder, equipped with a cooling system (the temperature was set at 20 ░C) and a magnetic stirrer (~ 500 rpm).

General procedure A: An oven-dried 8 mL Schlenk tube containing a stirring bar was charged with olefin (0.20 mmol, 1.0 equiv) and 4CzIPN (1.80 mg, 0.01 equiv). The tube was then introduced in the nitrogen-filled glovebox where the DIPEA (70 μL, 2.0 equiv) was added. Then, the tube was brought outside the glovebox, and difluorobromoalkane (0.40 mmol, 2.0 equiv), CH3CN (2 mL), degassed H2O (0.20 mL) and AdSH (16 μL 0.5 M solution in CH3CN, 0.04 equiv) were added to the reaction mixture sequentially under N2 atmosphere. Then, the tube was stirred at 20 ░C under blue LED irradiation with a cooling system for 24 hours. At that time, the reaction was quenched by the addition of EtOAc (5 mL), and the reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum prior to purification by flash chromatography column on silica gel.

General procedure B: An oven-dried 8 mL Schlenk tube containing a stirring bar was charged with 4CzIPN (1.80 mg, 0.01 equiv). The tube was then introduced in the nitrogen-filled glovebox where the DIPEA (70 μL, 2.0 equiv) was added. Then, the tube was brought outside the glovebox, and olefin (0.60 mmol, 3.0 equiv), difluorobromoalkane (0.20 mmol, 1.0 equiv), CH3CN (2 mL), degassed H2O (0.20 mL) and AdSH (16 μL 0.5 M solution in CH3CN, 0.04 equiv) were added to the reaction mixture sequentially under N2 atmosphere. Then, the tube was stirred at 20 ░C under blue LED irradiation with a cooling system for 24 hours. At that time, the reaction was quenched by the addition of EtOAc (5 mL), and the reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum prior to purification by flash chromatography column on silica gel.


Key Words

difluoralkanes, fluoroalkylation, photochemistry


ID: J54-Y2022