N-Halosuccinimide/BF3-H2O, Efficient Electrophilic Halogenating Systems for Aromatics
G. K. Surya Prakash,* Thomas Mathew, Dushyanthi Hoole, Pierre M. Esteves, Qi Wang, Golam Rasul and George A. Olah
*Donald P. and Katherine B. Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1661, Email: gprakashusc.edu
G. K. S. Prakash, T. Mathew, D. Hoole, P. M. Esteves, Q. Wang, G. Rasul, G. A. Olah, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126, 15770-15776.
N-Halosuccinimides are efficiently activated in trifluoromethanesulfonic acid and BF3-H2O, allowing the halogenations of deactivated aromatics. BF3-H2O is more economic, easy to prepare, nonoxidizing, and offers sufficiently high acidity.
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Chlorination, Bromination, Iodination, NBS, NCS, NIS