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Categories: Organic Chemistry >> Synthesis >> Solvents

Chemistry in Alternative Reaction Media

Dave J. Adams, Paul J. Dyson, Stewart J. Taverner

Paperback, 268 Pages
First Edition, November 2003
ISBN: 0-471-49849-1


The use of organic solvents and their emissions has been at the centre of major environmental concern in recent years, and there is currently a great deal of interest in finding alternatives to halogenated and volatile organic solvents for synthesis.
Chemistry in Alternative Reaction Media explores why solvents are used and the problems associated with them. It describes the state-of-the art in solvent replacement technologies. Supercritical fluids, biphasic reactions, fluorous and ionic liquids, and aqueous chemistry are brought together in a single textbook, which explains how they may be used to increase reaction efficiency, improve separation and catalyst recovery, and reduce emissions to the environment.

As well as describing the principles behind these methods, and the environmental, economic and chemical advantages that these alternatives can bring, numerous examples of applications are given including most major reaction types, and consideration is given to potential scale-up and industrial use.

This book will appeal to anyone with an interest in organic synthesis; reaction chemistry; catalysis; and process development, and to undergraduate and graduate students of organic chemistry; catalysis; green chemistry; clean technology and environmental chemistry courses.

Editorial Review

"Chemistry in Alternative Reaction Media" is a marvelous book! It is written in a simple, understandable manner and is therefore an outstanding teaching material for students and also helpful for practice-oriented chemists, who would like to accomplish first reactions in alternative solvents. The authors come to the point quickly on each solvent type and show, based on examples, which reactions are well qualified for particular classes of solvents.

A special highlight are the case studies at the end of the book. On the basis of reaction types, solvents which are particularly suitable, are pointed out. Diels-Alder reactions, e.g. in water, can be significantly accelerated. To that extent the example is skilfully selected, since the effect is enormous and the explanation - even not completely proven - seems to be clear.

The book was a pleasure to read and is in any case an interesting reading material for all, who are interested in organic chemistry. Due to the possibilities, which alternative solvents (e.g. product extraction, recyclation of catalysts) offer, it is worth in any case to concern itself more in detail with this area.


1 Chemistry in Alternative Reaction Media.
2 Multiphasic Solvent Systems.
3 Reactions in Fluorous Media.
4 Ionic Liquids.
5 Reactions in Water.
6 Supercritical Fluids.
7 Diels–Alder Reactions in Alternative Media.
8 Hydrogenation and Hydroformylation Reactions in Alternative Solvents.
9 From Alkanes to CO2: Oxidation in Alternative Reaction Media.
10 Carbon–Carbon Bond Formation, Metathesis and Polymerization.
11 Alternative Reaction Media in Industrial Processes.