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Further Information

Related Reactions
Cope Elimination
Ester Pyrolysis
Hofmann Elimination
Saytzeff's Rule

Hofmann's Rule

Hofmann's Rule implies that steric effects have the greatest influence on the outcome of the Hofmann or similar eliminations. The loss of the β-hydrogen occurs preferably from the most unhindered (least substituted) position [-CH3 > -CH2-R > -CH(R2)]. The product alkene with fewer substitutents will predominate.

Ester Pyrolysis also obeys this preference, and the Hofmann Rule is generally followed whenever a reaction passes through a cyclic transition state.

Hofmann's Rule is valid for all intramolecular eliminations and for the Hofmann Elimination. Most bimolecular eliminations will follow Saytzeff's Rule.

Recent Literature

Triphosgene and DMAP as Mild Reagents for Chemoselective Dehydration of Tertiary Alcohols
M. O. Ganiu, A. H. Cleveland, J. L. Paul. R. Kartika, Org. Lett., 2019, 21, 5611-5615.