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Synthesis of 1,1-Diazides

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The reaction of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds with molecular iodine and sodium azide in aqueous DMSO provides a general access to a broad range of geminal diazides with various structural motifs including sterically demanding substituents and ordinary functional groups. The diazidation of 1,3-dicarbonyls can be selectively achieved even in the presence of other 1,3-dicarbonyls with substituents at 2-position.
H. Erhardt, A. P. Häring, A. Kotthaus, M. Roggel, M. L. Tong, P. Biallas, M. Jübermann, F. Mohr, S. F. Kirsch, J. Org. Chem., 2015, 80, 12462-12469.